Friday, February 17, 2012

The Slow Death of the Link: Operator?

For a number of years, one of the best investigative tools for checking to see what websites link to another website has been the link: operator. Over the past couple of years, the effectiveness of the link: operator has diminished.  I hope it's not on its way out as a free tool.

Here's how it works: Let's say you want to see all (actually a sample) of the webpages that link to a site you want to investigate. is a common example for this purpose. The query is
...and the results would reveal the urls of pages that link to the home page. This list would contain links from the site itself (most sites link to their home page), educational institutions warning about bias on the site (a red flag) and hate groups (another red flag).

Google was the go-to search engine for this until a couple years ago, when they really pared back the number of results they returned. At that time, I advised using as the search engine. Yahoo's Site Explorer would return many more results than Google.

Within the past few months that has changed. Yahoo merged their Site Explorer with Bing. Now that search capacity is part of the Bing Webmaster set of tools. If I want to see who links to my site, I have to create a Webmaster account, download an xml file from Bing (BingSiteAuth.xml) which the search engine uses to collect data on my traffic, etc. That's 1) not as user friendly as it used to be, and 2) if a site doesn't include the xml file, I doubt any information could be retrieved.

So here's what happens today if I search for

Google: 48 results, many of which are from other pages
Yahoo: 1 result

From using other webmaster sites like, where I had to create yet another account, I know there are 394 referring domains, 193 of which are educational and 16 are governmental. Too bad I can't see what they are without a paid subscription. This seriously impares one's ability to check the 'references' of a site by looking to see who voluntarily links to it.

Checking inbound links is not only of interest to a webmaster, it helps searchers be more critical consumers of information.

For investigative purposes, having a readily available link: operator has become a staple. Now the challenge is: what is out there that can replace it?  For the time being, I'm recommended going back to Google.


Carl Heine said...

There is kind of an alternative to the link: operator. Here's the general query:

(the site) -site:(the site)

Here's an example:

This retrieves pages with a reference to the url and excludes all the pages with internal links. The results will be only from external sites.

Susan Yutzey said...

Thanks for the tip. I routinely show students how to use the link operator to help verify the credibility of a website. I first used Alta Vista; however, it is blocked at my school so I had to resort to Google.